Melaleuca viridiflora =
Melaleuca quinquenervia Melaleuca leucodendron
Myrtus communis


The Myrtaceae are mainly trees and shrubs of warm and temperate regions, many are aromatic.
It consumes the fruit of the guava (guava see), is used in aromatherapy and dentistry cloves (see clove) and its essential oil (see glossary).


Herbal Medicine

Of the 3,000 species of Myrtaceae, genus eucalyptus contains at least 600.
These are trees or shrubs evergreen and often bark which exfoliates and falls to pieces.
Endemic to Autralia and Tasmania, are also present in East Malaysia. Some eucalyptus trees are giant, highly prized wood, the largest in the world, up to 150 m high and 10 m in diameter at the base.
Many species, especially those used for the extraction of essential oils (see glossary) (ET), were introduced in most tropical and warm temperate.
E. globulus in Europe (Spain, Portugal), but also in Brazil and West Africa.
E. citriodora in Java, the Seychelles, Africa, Brazil
and tropical America.


They are also ornamental trees, or growing very fast (pulp, reforestation), source of pollen and nectar for bees.

Australian native species from which we extract the ET are principally:
E. Fruticetorum,
E. Radiata
E. Dives.


In the French Pharmacopoeia, we recognize the dried leaf and ET of eucalyptus (mainly E. globulus).
The content of ET varies between 0.5 and 3.5%, eucalyptol the (1-8 cineole) is the major constituent (60 to 80%), there are also other terpene compounds (see glossary) (the euglobols ), phenolic flavonoids (see glossary) (rutoside, hyperoside) and wax.

The ET is antiseptic in vitro neurotoxicity (seizure) high dose (LD50 = 1.7 ml / kg in the rat IP), lower dose, some digestive disorders, hypotension and mental confusion; the usual therapeutic dose (0.05 M, 2 ml / d) no toxic risk.
The eucalyptol is absorbed through the digestive tract, skin or rectal and excreted through the respiratory and renal. There is activation of movements of ciliary epithelium and bronchial expectorant action (see glossary) and mucolytic in bronchial secretions. E-leaf. globulus is hypoglycemic (see glossary).

Other Eucalyptus ET have very different composition to include:

* E. citriodora, 65 to 85% of citronellal used in perfumery,
* E. dives, to ET piperitone source for chemical synthesis of thymol and menthol,
* E. macarturi ET to geraniol.

In aromatherapy, eucalyptus ET is often prescribed in combination with other ET antiseptic in diseases of upper respiratory tract: pharyngitis, sinusitis, bronchitis, 'flu' banal superinfected, laryngotracheitis.

Average dose:

* Oral: 1 to 2 g of ET in 125ml of alcohol at 90 ° or elixir of papain (J. VALNET) 30 drops 3 times a day
* Rectal: enema, ET 5g in 125 ml of sweet almond oil,
* Inhaled: a few drops of the mixture, ET 5g in 125 ml alcohol at 90 °, a handkerchief or better in a bowl of hot water.
* Friction in Thoracic ET 10g in 20g of glycerin and 100 ml alcohol at 90 °;

ET eucalyptus is usually associated in these preparations ET pine, lavender, thyme, cinnamon.

The mother tincture (see glossary) Eucalyptus has the same indications, mean dose: 50 to 150 drops per day and would be slightly hypoglycemic (see glossary).

There are many pharmacy preparations containing eucalyptol syrups, pastes or tablets, nasal drops, liquid for inhalation, and many medications with lung.

The eucalyptus leaf is an ingredient of herbal medicines used to treat acute lung infection and infectious complications of influenza.
Only in infusion, it is effective: a teaspoon of dry leaves broken in a cup of hot water, 10 minutes of infusion, 3 to 5 cups per day.
This infusion is also antipyretic and eupeptic (see glossary) (for some people it cuts the appetite instead).
In external use the ET eucalyptus and prolonged infusion of leaves are antiseptic and healing: wounds, burns, vaginal discharge.


Herbal Medicine


Very close to eucalyptus
the melaleuca are endemic
South West Pacific
Australia and Indonesia-Malaysia

Mr. M. quinquenervia = leucodendron,
Mr. cajeput,
M. viridiflora
common in New Caledonia
M. alternifolia
tea tree from Australia.

The ET's niaouli Caledonian, purified and modified, the "goménol" composition close to that of eucalyptus: eucalyptol 45 to 65% with pinene, limonene and terpineol alpha.
The ET of cajeput is of similar composition.
The Australian tea tree has a slightly different composition and variable depending on the variety, the ET contains up to 40% terpineol (a powerful antiseptic), for other eucalyptol dominates (up to 60%) it is also pinene and limonene.
All these oils are powerfully bactericidal in vitro and the EO of cajeput is slightly stimulating and estrogen parasympathicolytique (see glossary).

The ET is eliminated through the kidneys and digestive tract after absorption and are thus advocated in respiratory infections (niaouli) and urinary (cajeput.)

For example:

* Cystitis, urethritis, epididymo-orchitis: ET cajeput
1 to 2 g in 125 ml of alcohol at 90 °, 40 drops 3 times a day
* Complicated influenza, bronchitis: ET niaouli ET cajeput,
1.5 g in 90 ml alcohol at 90 °, 30 drops 3 times a day.

We found the ET niaouli in many specialties referred to lung and leaf niaouli in some herbal medicines.
Dermatology: infected wounds, minor skin infections, HE Mr. alternifolia (5g in 100ml of alcohol at 90 °) powerfully bactericidal its content Aplha terpineol.


Herbal Medicine myrtle

phytothérapie  myrthe

The myrtle of the Mediterranean region is one of the few relics of the distant past where the tropical flora extended to the latitude 4O-5O N.

It is a shrub of 1 to 3 m high, fragrant, leaves ovate or lanceolate, smooth, shiny, leathery, small (2 to 4 cm).

The solitary flowers are white or tinged red, the fruit is dark blue highlights.

Widely used until the 18th century, it is now almost forgotten.

There are several terpenoids (see glossary): camphene, myrténol, nerol and geraniol also and eucalyptol (cineole).

The myrtle is high in tannin and contains 0.3 to 0.5% essential oil;
is therefore an astringent (see glossary), antiseptic and jobs similar to eucalyptus.

The inhaled ET is useful in bronchial infections and upper respiratory tract.
The infusion of berries has similar indications: 15 to 20 grams per liter of soft water, 2 to 3 cups per day.
We can also advocate in urinary tract infections.

Traditionally, the tea leaves (30 g per liter of water) is useful to treat eczema and dry psoriasis, ulcers and wounds (antiseptic, healing).

1 Responses to EUCALYPTUS MYRTLE NIAOULI cajeput GLOBULUS EUCALYPYUS EUCALYPTUS SP. Melaleuca viridiflora = Melaleuca quinquenervia Melaleuca leucodendron MELALEUCA

  1. Ninh Tran Says:
  2. cajeput oil so good for kid health.


Enregistrer un commentaire

Blog Archive