Publié par happy-diet mardi 25 mai 2010


Drowning occurs as a result of water-filled ducts and die drowning due to lack of oxygen and other contributions related to the entry of water into the lungs. Lack of oxygen leads (and quickly) to a loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest and brain damage.

When a person falls unaware of swimming in the water usually becomes terrified it is unable to save himself. And panic itself Erhgah. A person who is good at swimming might get scared, too, if he discovered that he can not access to a safe place. Without the panic of the thought of him by example, that relaxes either by floating on the surface of the water relaxing or changing the way braving his clothes or trying to fill with air. But fear prevents it without notifying such thoughts on his mind as he struggles with water. It is worth mentioning here that the persons under threat of drowning in cold water must be made as soon as you try to save them from others.

That the first reaction of a person entered the water to his mouth and nose is that signing any DHS papers and swallowing at the same time trying to catch his breath and through this reaction may enter the large amount of water into his stomach.

You may also enter the amount of water the person's throat and windpipe, leading to her spasm and thus blockage of the airways. In the meantime, you may enter, even a very small amount of water into the lungs. If the availability of ambulance when it first thing on the ambulance officer to do is open the airways and carrying out artificial respiration.

The absorption of large quantities of water from the lungs reduces density of chemicals in the blood and result in swelling, and even the explosion of some red blood cells as the density of salt water most of the density of salts in the blood, the water leaked from the latter to the lungs and occurs congestion heavily in them. The water is contaminated with chemicals and salts occur pneumonia requiring attention in the hospital.

The rescue team to follow the prosecution of a drowning man even after re-breathing it. And pay attention to the existence of any fracture or other complications resulting from water-skiing, for example.

Important factors in incidents of water:

The fate of the person subjected to the sinking is determined by five factors:

1 - the speed of the rescue.

2 - Securing the top opening of the airways.

3 - immediately begin artificial respiration and cardiac resuscitation and respiratory medicine and massage.

4 - The Power of the victim's self-negotiable for recovery.

5 - The type of water that engulfed the victim.

It turns out that secure the oxygen to breathe and to ensure blood circulation necessary to rescue the drowning man. Should start trying to rescue a drowning man remove the water in the shortest possible time and only attempts to stop the recovery until the doctor declares the occurrence of death.

Assessing the problem: It is important you try to find out the circumstances of the incident to decide how to rescue. The following information will help the rescue:

What is the length of the victim was drowned?

Where last seen.

Type dressed.

What kind of liquid and the current obstacles, water depth and the type of beach and the direction of the wind?

Who can rescue attempt?

The body can remain in place or to shoot sinking to a remote location, and plunge immediately or after a while. The amount of air remaining in the lungs and body weight of the qualitative influence on the speed of drowning. The bodies of fat people and the children's bodies remain after the coma or near-surface water was carried by a strong current to a distance away and rarely affects the current in the objects that sink head remains near the scene of the accident.


It is natural to try first to see the sinking to come to rescue a drowning man if he has the necessary skill and only has to call for help after determining that space and time. As the rescue operation may constitute a danger to the Savior if it is not good swimmer and can help a drowning man, who did not lose consciousness and that offers him a rope, or throw it and an empty pot or float it.

Rowing should be flat band access to remote drowning on the beach to begin rescue. Diving and the use of binoculars helps to quickly find the victim. In an attempt to form rescue teams for divers, swimmers skilled experienced through the recovery and rescue hook and nets.

Ways to revive a drowning man: artificial respiration should be given where possible, even before it out of the shallow water. If I need a drowning man to massage his heart Vdlleke then place it on his face above the surface of the solid.

Diving accidents:

After many amateur diving and now that the armies frogmen teams, increased by exposure to the dangers of diving Alokowalng the following: -

Stroke air: the greater the depth of the water has increased pressure on the lungs and tissues of the body and this in turn causes the escape of bubbles of air from the lungs to the blood vessels surrounding Balveshat air moving these bubbles to the heart and which by the arteries to all parts of the body updated blockage at the end of the arteries cut off blood, food and oxygen about the tissue.

The important symptoms are as follows: -

A - severe pain in the muscles, joints and abdomen.

B - spotted skin.

C - the emergence of butter in the nose and mouth.

D - the emergence of difficulty in breathing with chest pain.

E - the difficulty of seeing with dizziness and nausea.

And - partial or complete paralysis and coma. The method of treatment is confined to re-diver to the room to re-measurement of pressure with an oxygen bar, net.

Nitrogen thrombosis: When you inhale air diver under pressure absorbs the amount of tissue from the air more than usual. The air is a compound of oxygen and nitrogen and carbon dioxide.

Tissue absorbs oxygen and carbon dioxide easily and the nitrogen gas is stored in fat tissue and then escape slowly in the form of small bubbles do not pose any risk to the diver tries to climb quickly to the surface of the water without the wait. Then becomes the size of the bubbles escaping the largest and more numerous spoke many blockages in the arteries and show symptoms as we mentioned earlier.

If the diver rose by 8 meters per minute with lingered for ten minutes at certain levels based on the depth and length of a dive, it allows for a slow escape of nitrogen gas and avoid harm. The causes and consequences of glaciation air and nitrogen are similar, treatment depends on the method itself, and re-measuring the pressure diver in a room dedicated to it.

High-pressure injury: this injury occurs in the ears and sinuses and eyes in the lungs by the explosion of blood vessels and the general symptoms are the presence of blood in the ear, throat and nose with severe dizziness and lack of harmonization of intellectual and physical balance. Air leaks under the skin at the bottom of the neck may occur difficulty in breathing and pronunciation. Must give the patient the Ooxgina net in this case.

Of oxygen poisoning: occurs as a result of inhaling the gas under high pressure. And a few of its symptoms irritation and muscle cramps.

Nitrogen poisoning: also called tenseness depth, it looks like this poisoning symptoms of diabetes do not realize the danger posed by the diver may be tempted machines diving without a will.

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