Renal failure

Publié par happy-diet jeudi 21 janvier 2010

Renal failure

Acute Renal Failure

Is a term in medicine called in cases of kidney failure in the performance of its functions. There are two types of renal failure are renal failure, acute and chronic renal failure and renal failure in general is a shortage in the work of the College and functions, leading to an imbalance in the human body. And causes of kidney failure are many and varied, including:

1. Total tissue damage.
2. Kidney involvement of acute and chronic.
3. Get used to the food habits undesirable where the food is balanced in terms of quantity and quality.
4. Infect the body diseases such as diabetes or blood pressure.
5. Address some of the drugs without medical advice.

Symptoms and signs of illness

The patient may not feel any symptoms for a long time but the most important symptoms associated with the disease are:

1 - fatigue and physical fatigue and mental

2 - Lack of appetite

3 - Difficulty in breathing

4 - ED

5 - itching Ooktherp urination (especially at night).

6 - As the patient may become anemic or high blood pressure and inflammation in the peripheral nerves (numbness) and as a result of vitamin D deficiency as orally active patient suffers Blaine in the bones.

Are diagnosed with kidney failure from the above-mentioned clinical tests with laboratory tests such as the high proportion of urea urea and creatinine in the blood creatinine and the creatinine clearance of plasma low levels to 30 ml of 120 ml.

And requires the doctor to the diagnosis of renal failure and the degree of intensity (by taking a sample from the Faculty of the patient to be tested) to decide whether the patient is at an advanced stage and whether needs a kidney dialysis or a kidney transplant or not.

Treatment of chronic renal failure includes diet, medications, dialysis or kidney transplants.

1 - the diet is the most important in the diet for kidney failure patients is to reduce the amount of protein (found in eggs, meat and beans), which dealt with and compensated for sugars and starches or fat, as well as reduce the amount of salt and potassium (found in nuts, bananas, oranges, tangerines and grapefruit).

2 - Drugs given to the patient following medicines:

Vitamin (d) vitamine D to compensate for the deficiency.

Syrup aluminum hydroxide Aluminium hydroxide so as to prevent the absorption of phosphate in patients with a high rate of kidney failure.

Alirtherobiotin Erythrobiotin injection for the treatment of anemia.

Blood pressure lowering medicines.

3 - dialysis (enforcement) or (Dialysis Dialysis) is a process of purifying the blood of toxic substances with his treatment means of enforcement solution dialysing fluid (composition similar to the installation of plasma). There are two types of dialysis:

Enforcement Alberotoni (Alkhalbi) Peritoneal dialysis, which uses the peritoneum (located in the abdominal cavity as a cover for abdominal wall and viscera) as a separator between the means of enforcement, blood, and the way is as follows: Spears in the lower abdomen (below the navel and suprapubic) catheter canula especially after local anesthesia, then diversion means of enforcement of which (one liter or two liters) to the abdominal cavity and left for a few hours (4-5 hours) and a result of the difference between the means of focusing enforcement and implement blood of toxic substances into a liquid through the capillaries in the abdominal cavity (in Alberton membrane) and then divert fluid to the outside and repeated this process several times a day, taking into account the process should be stopped during sleep the patient.

Advantage of this method is not too low cost and no need for complex machinery, the patient does not need to diet or to hypnosis in a hospital where the training can carry out the process himself in the house. It is the most important and most serious flaws in this method (which it is deployed only in Europe and America) is the possibility of an infection Beritobe of the patient as they require a high degree of sterilization patients and training them.

Enforcement blood (dialysis) or bloody Dailzip haemodialysis is the way to bring the patient's blood from his body and passes through the enforcement machinery that is purified and then be returned to the patient's body. The enforcement machinery has a thin membrane called Almnfaz dialyser which separates the blood and means of enforcement, as it contains half the influence of Semipermeable membrane which allows the passage of certain substances from the blood to the means of enforcement.

The device has a pump to pump the blood in the enforcement and then returned to the patient, and also contains a trap bubbles in the blood that can cause serious complications for the patient if they returned to the circulation. It also contains a number of alarms to warn if an error occurred in the Department of enforcement.

It features high efficiency of this method to get rid of toxins accumulated in the body. The disadvantages of high cost and the need to work in the hospital twice to three times a week, each time the patient can remain motionless for a period of between 4-5 hours and the patient feels weak physical, sexual, and this method is the main factor in transmitting the virus that causes hepatitis (b) B and (c) C.

4 - kidney transplant Kidney transplantation Did you know that:

About 50-60 people per million people in the world suffering from kidney failure, the final needs a kidney dialysis or a kidney transplant.

I started the first attempts to kidney transplantation since the beginning of the twentieth century, but they all failed as a result of the body's rejection of the college planted to the start of the discovery of drugs used to prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted kidney Immuno-suppressants in the early sixties, such as prednisolone Prednisolone, azathioprine and cyclosporine Cyclosporine Azathiopurine where it reduces the body's immunity.

The spread of these operations and then the proportion of success one year after the operation up to about 95 per cent if the donor is a relative of the district the patient and about 80 per cent if the total of the deceased person. One of the beauties of this operation is that it improves the quality of life of the patient compared to the process of dialysis, which should be linked to the enforcement device three times a week, It could thus travel more freely and increase the ability to work and production, and restores his or her physical, sexual and mental condition improved, and also if we look at the the cost of a kidney transplant, and the cost of the process of dialysis in the long run, we find that the final cost of the process of dialysis is higher than the cost of kidney transplantation.
How to choose the patients and donors for kidney transplantation

1 - Selection of patients must be patient infected with kidney failure the final

Be a year over five years and less than sixty

To be free of certain diseases such as cancer that is not control or AIDS

Should not be the cause of kidney failure has resulted from autoimmune diseases

2 - Selection of donors

To be severe and donated over the age of sixty and that his general health was good.

To be donated in its entirety freely without the pressure and preferably be a relative of the patient or his close friends.

Be Slimitin kidneys.

Not be a donor infected with diabetes or blood pressure or cancer or the holder of an infectious disease such as AIDS or hepatitis, and others.

Be subject to checks such as blood testing and examination of tissue match.

If the donor of the dead is applicable to the same conditions precedent as well as that the deceased had been recommended by the consent of the heirs or taken on it.

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